Question 2: (20 points)
1. The Criminal Justice System in America has a rich history. Please identify the different institutions of the American Criminal Justice System and its subcomponents (all the actors that are included in this subcomponent). In doing so, please discuss when and why each of these subcomponents of the Criminal Justice System emerged in America. Finally, please discuss why do we view it as a “system” and not unique institutions.
Question 3: (20 points)
2. Describe the trends in overall, violent and property crime rates in the last 50 years. In doing so, please account for the 3 guiding principles outlined by Rosenfeld to assist with the interpretation of crime trends. After describing these trends, please discuss the five explanatory factors discussed by Rosenfeld that are linked to the crime rate changes and apply them to crime trends in the US.