Mosquito Tracking System Case Study
Soaring mosquito populations can cause serious problems in tropical regions as the
mosquitos can transmit diseases. Combatting mosquito populations in remote regions can
be challenging, as the sources can be difficult to detect and blanket treatment of entire
regions is prohibitively expensive. Hence, communities need to work together to identify
sources and take appropriate action to eradicate the insects. A system that helps facilitate
community-driven identification and targeted treatment of sources is desired. Henceforth
this system will be called the Mosquito Tracking System (MTS).
Anyone shall be able to participate in the identification of possible mosquito breeding sites
by reporting information about locations they may have discovered to the MTS. Since
community participation is critical for this endeavour, the system must be designed to
maximise ease of use by a wide range of people with a variety of technological literacy and
Users shall be able to use their smartphone to conveniently identify sites by taking a picture
on their smartphone, add notes, and submit this geo-tagged information to the MTS.
Alternatively, locations can be submitted via a desktop computer by entering the address of
the site, notes, and attach photos (if any). Users shall be able to view the sites (but not the
details) of reports submitted in their vicinity.
Reports shall be collated on a daily basis and trends analysed to forecast likely spikes in
mosquito populations in different areas so that appropriate eradication programs and
preventative treatment actions can be taken. The statistics and trends for each region in the
entire country shall also be reported to the central Health Authority who combine this
information with frequencies of mosquito-borne diseases and historical models to estimate
the probability of disease outbreaks in each area on a monthly basis.
For each area,…